Forensic identification identifies specific objects from the various types of trace evidences that they leave at the time and place of the incidence or accident. Human identification (HI) is a vital type of identification method used in forensics, which has many other applications apart from criminal evidences. Fingerprints are used as vital source of identification of human beings. Advancing technology and use of different methods of recognition are the strong drivers for the global human identification market. Rising demand from different countries and rising demand from various industrial verticals are expected to help the market maintain a healthy growth rate during the next few years to come.
Drivers for Human Identification Industry
The entire process of identification of humans is based on the philosophy of recognizing the friction ridges present on the fingers. Every human being has a unique formations and sequences of ridges on their figures, which provide them unification. This philosophy is used in forensics along with the analysis of skin, hair, blood, DNA, semen and saliva. Samples are also collected from teeth or biting patterns through forensic odontology. The demand for global human identification market is driven by several vital factors, which include government initiatives, need to reduce the cost and time required for DNA analysis and expansion of US national DNA Database. Apart from these major drivers, technological advancements in the global market are also expected to boost the demand for the industry.
Segments and Forecasts
The global human identification market is segmented based on four components, which include the types of products, technologies, applications, and geographic regions. Following are the details:
- Products: Assay Kits and Reagents, Consumables, DNA Amplification, DNA Extraction, DNA Quantification, Electrophoresis, Rapid DNA Analysis, Services and Software
- Technologies: Automated Liquid Handling, Capillary Electrophoresis, Microarray, Next Generation Sequencing, Nucleic Acid Purification & Extraction, Polymerase Chain Reaction & Rapid DNA Analysis System
- Applications: Anthropology, Disaster Victim Identification, Forensics, Migration/Human Trafficking, Paternity Identification, Population Genetics/Phenotypic analysis and others
- Geography: Asia, Europe, France, Germany, Italy, North America, Spain, U.K. and RoW
As per the analysis of all the aforementioned segments and drivers, the global human identification market is expected to grow at a CAGR of over 13.9%. At the estimated growth rate, the market is expected to become worth more than $804.0 million by the end of the year 2018. Despite the high costs of automated instruments and competition amongst small players and new entrants in the industry, the global market is expected to thrive on the strong demand from different developed as well as developing parts of the world. Integrated technologies and cuts in policy budgets of UK are also expected to drive the demand for this industry in the European region.