Railway Cybersecurity Market – Trends & Scenario (2021–2027)

Railway Cybersecurity Market

The Railway Cybersecurity Market is estimated to be USD 6.2 billion in 2021 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 9.4% during the forecast period, to reach USD 10.6 billion by 2027. 

Various countries have realized that the development of railway infrastructure is one of the important factors driving economic development. Therefore, a number of countries and OEMs are investing significantly in railway infrastructure and developing infrastructure to safeguard it through cybersecurity solutions. For instance, in May 2021, SNCF, with its partner Alstom, Bosch, SpirOps, Thales, and the Railenium Technology Research Institute, announced the launch to develop a prototype for an autonomous train in France. Also, in 2020, Huawei was the first to apply an urban rail cloud solution in Shenzhen, China. This enables first batch metro lines with full coverage of 5G in the city. Huawei also created a record in rail transportation to use cloud computing, big data, and artificial intelligence on intelligent horizon digital platforms to handle various metro services. Countries are adopting various technologies in their transportation infrastructure and are focusing on R&D and innovations in rail infrastructure technology to address future mobility challenges.

Opportunity: Increasing demand for cloud-based services

The demand for cloud-based services, analytics, and mobile internet technologies is increasing due to their efficient IT management and reliable security environment. With the rapid increase in big data applications, the level of complexity is also expected to increase, given the sprouting data pool, emerging technologies, and constant need to optimize cost. These factors are expected to influence the growth of new analytics platforms and data storage.

Some of the major players in the railway cybersecurity market are Thales (France), Alstom (France), Siemens (Germany), Bombardier (Canada), and Nokia Networks (Finland).

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The signaling system has been considered to operate on a closed network for safety. Currently, these systems are becoming more centralized and integrated and have become IT-based using regular computer and COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) components and thereby becoming vulnerable to cyberthreats. Thus, it becomes necessary to deploy cloud-based services in railways. Cloud computing uses the collected data and distributes data to one or more computer systems associated with performing different functions. Thus, minimizing the risk of a cyberattack on critical and non-critical data would further fuel the growth of the railway cybersecurity market.

The Asia Pacific region is projected to dominate the railway cybersecurity market. This can be attributed to the government regulations and standard measures toward safety and security. The market is estimated to have the largest market share, by CAGR, of 10.6% by 2027.

The on-board railway cybersecurity is projected to grow at a higher CAGR during the forecast period for the railway cybersecurity market, by type. The number of rapid railways primarily equipped with advanced onboard systems for safety and convenience is on the rise. These advanced features include an infotainment system, automatic doors, and IP cameras. The number of advanced components in onboard railway systems will increase because of the demand for convenience and safety. This will boost the market for railway cybersecurity providers and vendors across the globe as automatic doors and IP cameras are vulnerable to cyberattacks. 

The passenger trains segment is expected to lead the market for railway cybersecurity during the forecast period. The security of the passenger rail network is more complex than the freight segment as there is an open infrastructure, multiple access points, and a vast user base. In recent times, cities such as London and New York have been prone to passenger railway cyberattacks, and this highlighted the importance of railway cybersecurity. Governments across the globe are encouraging cybersecurity solutions for their passenger and freight railways. For example, in April 2020, the US Government Accountability Office released a report containing the assessment of the passenger railway cyberattacks in the US and European region and passed guidelines to limit them. These initiatives by the government are expected to fuel the growth of the railway cybersecurity market in passenger trains during the forecast period.

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The railway cybersecurity services are expected to grow at a higher CAGR during the forecast period due to the increasing deployment of cybersecurity in railways. Cybersecurity services such as design, development, support, and maintenance are executed before and after the implementation of connected infrastructure. Moreover, post-implementation of cybersecurity solutions, services such as support and maintenance are executed periodically. This increases the demand for services throughout the lifetime of a railway cybersecurity infrastructure. Cybersecurity providers may leverage this opportunity by offering numerous bundled services to customers in the railway cybersecurity domain.

Railway cybersecurity providers can focus more on efficient technologies that are less prone to cyberattacks and maintenance as they can expect a huge demand from cost-sensitive developing countries from the Asia Pacific, North America, and Europe. Furthermore, growing metro and other intracity rail projects will also propel the railway cybersecurity market.